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José Ortega y Gasset (1883 - 1955) was a famous Spanish philosopher and essayist born in Madrid. He is known for his analysis of history and modern culture, especially for his penetrating examination of the mass phenomenon in his book. the Rebelion of the mass. He exercised a great influence on the Spanish philosophy of the twentieth century both for the theme of his philosophical works, as for his agile but elegant and very careful literary style.
For Ortega y Gasset, philosophy has a fundamental duty to refute people's beliefs to promote new ideas and thus explain reality. He exposed a type philosophy that has been called "ratiovitalism"or"vital reason", in which he sought to do justice to the intellectual and passionate dimensions of man as manifestations of the fundamental reality of human life. According to his perspective, man is related to the world in terms of the" concerns "that are presented to him The individual human being is definitely free in his inner self and his life and destiny, are what he makes of them within the "received" from his inheritance, environment, society and culture. Thus, man is not to have a story; he is his own story, since history is only the manifestation of human freedom.
He left Spain at the outbreak of the Civil War and spent his years in exile in Buenos Aires, Argentina, until returning to Europe in 1942. He subsequently settled in Portugal in mid-1945 and gradually began making small visits to Spain. In 1948 he returned to Madrid, where he founded the "Institute of Humanities" where he taught in and out of Spain until his death in 1955.
Famous quotes from Ortega y Gasset
Walk slowly, do not hurry, that where you have to go is yourself.
Life is a series of collisions with the future; It is not the sum of what we have been, but what we yearn to be.
Although most people do not go anywhere, it is a miracle to meet one who acknowledges being lost.
Effort is only effort when it starts to hurt.
Tell me what you pay attention to and I'll tell you who you are.
Being an artist means stop taking that person so seriously that we are when we are not artists.
I am me and my circumstance, and if I don't save her from her I don't save myself.
The will to be oneself is heroism.
Grudge is the shedding of a feeling of inferiority.
Living is a constant process of deciding what we are going to do.
The cynical, a parasite of civilization, lives by denying it, for the simple reason that he is convinced that he will not fail.
The past will not tell us what we should do, but what we should avoid.
Man adapts to everything, the best and the worst.
Who asks a question fears to seem ignorant for five minutes. Who does not ask remains ignorant throughout life.
All life is struggle to be itself.
The person for whom small things do not exist, good is not great.
We distinguish the excellent man from the common man by saying that the first is the one who makes great demands, and the second who does not demand himself.
The metaphor is probably the most fertile power that man possesses.
The good thing is, like nature, an immense landscape in which man advances through centuries of exploration.
Love is that splendid trigger of human vitality, the supreme activity that nature offers anyone to leave themselves to another person.
To hate someone is to be irritated by their mere existence.
Thinking is the desire to gain reality through ideas.
No doubt; Even a rejection can be the shadow of a caress.
The most radical division that can be made of humanity is that which divides it into two kinds of creatures: those that make great demands, accumulating difficulties and duties; and those who do not demand anything special from themselves.
Thought is not a gift for man, but a laborious, precarious and volatile acquisition.
The revolution is not the uprising against the pre-existing order, but the establishment of a new order contradictory to the traditional one.
The will of the hero is not that of his ancestors or that of his society, but his. This is being yourself, this is heroism.
Man is an important emigrant on a pilgrimage of being, and consequently it makes no sense to set limits on what he is capable of being.
Excellence means when a man or a woman asks himself more than others.
There are people who fix their lives so that they feed only on garrisons.
The real magic wand is the child's mind.
The struggle with the past is not a hand-to-hand struggle. The future overcomes it by swallowing it. If you leave something out, you lose.
One is a slave to what he says, but owner of what is silent.
Under the kind of unionism and fascism, a type of man appears for the first time in Europe who does not want to give reasons or be right, but simply shows himself determined to impose his opinions.
Being free means lacking a constitutive identity.
Civilization is nothing more than the effort to reduce the use of force to the last resort.
An 'unemployed' existence is the worst denial of life, it is death itself.
What makes a nation great is not primarily its great men, but the stature of its innumerable mediocre.
We cannot stop living until we are ready.
The individual point of view is the only point of view from which you can see the world in its truth.
Man must not only do himself: the most important thing he has to do is determine what he is going to be.
The poet begins where man ends. The luck of man is to live his human life, that of the poet to invent what does not exist.
We live in a time when man believes himself fabulously capable of creating, but does not know what to create.
The hunter is the always alert man. But this in itself, life in complete alertness, is the attitude in which the animal exists in the jungle.
To live is to feel lost.
Each life is, more or less, a ruin among whose remains we have to discover what that person should have been.
The man who discovers a new scientific truth has had to crush the atoms of almost everything he had learned before, and arrives at the new truth with his hands stained with blood by the massacre of thousands of trivialities.
The world is the total sum of our vital possibilities.
The masses think that it is easy to escape from reality, when it is the most difficult thing in the world.
The type of human being we prefer reveals the contours of our heart.
The choice of a point of view is the initial act of a culture.
Hate is a feeling that leads to the extinction of values.
When speaking, when thinking, we commit ourselves to clarify things, and that forces us to exacerbate them, dislocate them, schematize them. Each concept is in itself an exaggeration.
Biography: a system in which the contradictions of human life are unified.
Human vitality is so lush that in the saddest desert you still find a pretext to shine and tremble.
All we are given are possibilities of doing ourselves in one way or another.
The law is born from the despair of human nature.
The welfare of democracies, regardless of their type and state, depends on a small technical detail: the right to vote. Everything else is secondary.
The tragedy in the theater opens our eyes so that we can discover and appreciate the heroic in reality.
Living is nothing more or less than doing one thing instead of another.
Man has no nature, he only has history.
Our deepest, most indubitable convictions are the most suspicious. They form our limit, our borders, our prison.
Men play in tragedy because they do not believe in the reality of the tragedy that is being staged in the civilized world.
Poetry is fermented adolescence, and thus preserved.
Who wants to teach us a truth should not tell us, but simply suggest it with a brief gesture, a gesture that begins an ideal trajectory in the air along which we slide until we are at the foot of the new truth.
Since love is the most delicate and total act of a soul, it will reflect the state and nature of the soul.
Order is not a pressure that is imposed on society from the outside, but a balance that is established from the inside.
The heart of man does not tolerate the absence of the excellent and supreme.
The tendency towards pure art does not betray arrogance, as is usually thought, but modesty.
Every intellectual effort separates us from everyday life and leads us along hidden and difficult roads to remote places where we find ourselves in the midst of unusual thoughts.
The world makes sense, not as long as it exists in itself, but as soon as it exists with me.
Life is an operation that is performed in a forward direction. One lives towards the future, because to live consists inexorably in doing, in each individual life that makes itself.
Surprise, wonder, is to begin to understand. This is sport, luxury, especially for the intellectual man.
Who has not felt the danger that our time throbs under his hand, has not really penetrated the vital signs of destiny, has simply punctured the surface.
Triumph cannot help being cruel.
The recognition of an error is itself a new truth and like a light that comes on within it.
With morality we correct the mistakes of our instincts, and with love we correct the mistakes of our morals.
It is not mandatory for a generation to have great men.
Concern for what should be is estimated only when there is respect for what has been exhausted.
We do not live to think, but, on the contrary, we think so that we can survive.
In these years we are witnessing the gigantic spectacle of innumerable human lives wandering lost in their own labyrinths, through having nothing to give themselves to.
We need to study the whole story, not fall back into it, but see if we can escape it.
History is the science of people.
We fall in love when our imagination projects a non-existent perfection on another person. One day, the fantasy evaporates and with it, love dies.
Life shoots us wide.
An age cannot be fully understood if all others are not understood. The song of the story can only be sung as a whole.
There are as many realities as points of view. The point of view creates the panorama.
The mass believes that it has the right to impose and give force of law to ideas born from a coffee.
Man is a fugitive from nature.
Life means having something defined to do, a mission to accomplish, and as long as we avoid configuring our life to something, we leave it empty. Human life, by its very nature, has to be dedicated to something.
Falling in love is a state of mental misery in which the life of our conscience narrows, impoverishes and paralyzes.
The stupefaction, when it persists, becomes stupid.
Poetry has become the superior algebra of metaphors.
There is only one way left to save a classic; stop reverence it and use it for our own salvation.
I do not deny that there may be other well-founded causes for hatred that various classes feel towards politicians, but the main one seems to me that politicians are symbols of the fact that each class must take into account all other classes.
I am free by compulsion, like it or not.
Whether it is an original or a plagiarism, man is the novelist of himself.
This is the most serious danger that threatens civilization today: State intervention; the absorption of any spontaneous social effort by the State, that is, of spontaneous historical action, which in the long term sustains, nourishes and drives human destinies.
There are, above all, moments when human reality, always mobile, accelerates and explodes at dizzying speeds. Our time is such, because it is made of descent and fall.
The most contradictory form for human life that can appear among the human species is the "self-saturated man."
The paradox inexorably governs that, since society is a sum of individuals, what emanates from it does not depend on them, but, on the contrary, they are tyrannized.