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Do people with ADHD have reasoning abilities and mathematical abilities just like neurotypical people ?
Alright- neurodiversity vs neurotypical label aside, here is the definition of ADHD
Here is the best example I could find which demonstrates effect of ADHD on mathematical reasoning:
Here is a comparison between learners who are nonverbal, who have aspergers, and then those who have ADHD
Do people with ADHD have reasoning abilities and mathematical abilities just like normal people? - Psychology
What do I want to do for a living is not an easy decision. Choosing the right career is imperative to maintain psychological well being. Making the wrong choice will not only affect your professional life, but your personal life will also be hampered due to this. Often, people select a career for all the wrong reasons, and find their responses to the workplace are incompatible with their true values. This situation results in feelings of unrest and discontent and in lost productivity.
Cognitive ability tests assess abilities involved in thinking (e.g., reasoning, perception, memory, verbal and mathematical ability, and problem solving). Such tests pose questions designed to estimate applicants' potential to use mental processes to solve work-related problems or to acquire new job knowledge.
Personality tests and career assessments evaluate your strengths and weaknesses, your values, your interests, and your skills.
A personality inventory is a self assessment tool that career counselors and other career development professionals use to help people learn about their personality types. It reveals information about individuals' social traits, motivations, strengths and weakness, and attitudes. Experts believe these factors play an important role in job and career success and satisfaction.
What influences your career choices, satisfaction levels and at times your productivity? Career development is not just about gaining the skills and knowledge you need to move roles within the company, it's about continuously evaluating yourself to fulfill your long-term aspirations. To do this, you need to have a strong sense of who you are and what you want from your work. Not everyone is motivated at work by the same thing, and our ambitions are different. So you need to understand WHY you like what you do, what makes the task enjoyable, interesting and stimulating to you. Edgar Schein, a specialist in organisational psychology and career dynamics, identified eight "career anchors" to help answer this question. Schein'
Do humans have an innate capacity for mathematics?
Viewpoint: Yes, recent scientific studies suggest that we are born with at least some mathematical ability already "hardwired" into our brains.
Viewpoint: No, mathematics involves not just counting or simple arithmetic but also abstraction, which can only exist in the presence of language skills and symbolic representation.
The debate over whether humans have an innate capacity for mathematics often hinges on two semantic questions: 1) What do we mean by "innate?" and 2) What cognitive skills are to be classified as mathematical?
In common usage we often speak of people having innate abilities in a particular area, or being a "natural" at some skill. This generally means that they have an aptitude for it they seem to learn it quickly and easily. However, philosophers define innate knowledge as that which is not learned at all, but which is present at birth. An influential school of philosophy known as empiricism holds that innate abilities do not exist. Empiricism, championed by the English philosopher John Locke (1632-1704), regards all knowledge as learned, and the newborn as a ȫlank slate."
Yet experiments have shown that many behaviors and instincts are apparently inborn in humans as in other species. And a few of these seem directly related to mathematics. For example, researchers have presented babies with cards bearing two black dots. After looking at these for a while, the babies lose interest. But they begin to stare again when the two dots are replaced by three. Changes in color, size, or brightness of the dots do not elicit the same response.
In general, people can perceive how many objects are in front of them without counting them, if the number is small say, up to three or four. This ability is called subitization. Subitization is not an ability unique to humans other primates, rodents, and even birds have demonstrated it in experiments. Scientific evidence indicates that subitization and other basic abilities related to mathematics are innate. They seem to be controlled by the left parietal lobe of the brain. Stroke victims with damage to this region of the brain may be unable to distinguish two objects from three without counting them, even if they are otherwise unimpaired.
Yet whether these basic abilities constitute "mathematics" is another question. Some scholars maintain that true mathematics must involve abstract concepts, such as the relationships between numerical and spatial entities. This definition excludes not only the understanding of small quantities and the ability to compare two quantities, abilities that are apparently innate, but also basic learned skills like counting and simple arithmetic.
In order to manipulate abstractions, language and symbolic representation (that is, a number system) must exist. These are cultural phenomena that evolved differently in the various regions of the world and spread along human migration and trade routes.
Obviously, babies do not have the knowledge or skills to perform mathematical calculations. No one is born with the ability to do calculus. Environment, encouragement or discouragement by parents or teachers, and the presence or absence of "math anxiety" all affect the individual's likelihood of acquiring mathematical skills and abstract reasoning abilities.