Edward Thorndike (1874-1949) was a professor of psychology for more than thirty years at Teachers College in Columbia, United States. What most attracted his interest was the theory of learning, and is among the important precursors of behaviorism. Watson it was based largely on Thorndike's work and that of Pavlov.
Famous quotes by E. Thorndike
The function of the intellect is to provide a means to modify our reactions to the circumstances of life, so that we can ensure pleasure, the symptom of well-being.
Colors fade, temples crumble, empires fall, but wise words endure.
For the intelligent man interested in human nature, it must often seem strange that much of the energy of the scientific world has been devoted to the study of the body and so little to the study of the mind.
Psychology is the science of intellectuals, people and the behavior of animals, including man.
The intellectual evolution of man consists in an increase in the number, delicacy, complexity, permanence and speed of formation of such associations.
Just as the science and art of agriculture depend on chemistry and botany, the art of education depends on physiology and psychology.
The dog, on the other hand, has few or no ideas, because his brain acts grossly and because there are few connections to each individual process.
The unconscious distortion of the facts is almost harmless compared to the unconscious neglect of the mental life of an animal, until it borders on the unusual and wonderful.
Human beings are used to thinking about intelligence, such as being able to dispose and control ideas and the ability to learn as a synonym for the ability to have ideas. But learning to have ideas is really one of the rare and isolated events in nature.
Everything that exists, exists in a certain amount and can be measured.
In general, the psychological work of the last quarter of the nineteenth century emphasized the study of consciousness neglecting the total life of intelligence and character.
Psychology helps measure the probability that the goal is attainable.
Human education has to do with certain changes in the intellects and behaviors of men, their problems are more or less included in these four themes: objectives, materials, means and methods.
Between the minds of animals and the wiring of man, it is not as a demigod from another planet, but as a king of the same race.
Nowhere more truly than in his mental abilities, man is part of nature.
Human education deals with certain changes in the intellect, characters and behavior of men, and their problems are approximately included in these four themes: objectives, materials, means and methods.
Humans are eager to find intelligence in animals.
The real difference between man's scientific judgments about himself and the judgment of others about them is that the sources of knowledge have been added.
This growth in the number, speed of formation, permanence, delicacy and complexity of the possible associations for an animal, reaches its peak in the case of man.
He who learns and runs away lives to learn another day.
The restriction of studies of human intelligence and character in the studies of conscious states was not without influence in a scientific study of animal psychology.
Thus the animal finally performs in that situation only the appropriate act.
For the origin and development of the human faculty, we must observe these association processes in lower animals.
Some statements refer to the conscious states of the animal, what he is to himself as an inner life; others refer to his original and acquired forms of response, his behavior, what he is an external observer.
Dogs are lost hundreds of times and nobody notices or sends an account to a scientific journal.
The unconscious distortion of the facts is almost harmless compared to the unconscious neglect of the mental life of an animal until it borders on the unusual and wonderful.
There is no reason, no process of inference or comparison, there is no thought about things, they are not two and two, there are no ideas: the animal does not think about the box or the food or the act to be performed.
The real difference between a man's scientific judgments about himself and the judgment of others about him is that he has added sources of knowledge.
Famous phrases of psychology