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Encephalin, neurotransmitters that fight pain

Encephalin, neurotransmitters that fight pain

Surely you've ever heard of endorphins or enkephalins. However, there are few people who are clear about what is something that influences our lives so much. To end that, in this post you have all the information you need.

Content

  • 1 What are enkephalins
  • 2 What are endorphins and enkephalins for?
  • 3 How to boost the production of endorphins and enkephalins

What are enkephalins?

Encephalins are neurotransmitters produced by the Central Nervous System. They intervene in the pain regulation, so they are of vital importance for those who have any health problem.

They are endorphins that produce the proencephalin gene. This is important because create painkillers that releases the body, and it is believed that they can depress neurons in the Central Nervous System. Therefore, it is one of the most studied fields in Medicine today.

The synthesis of these endorphins occurs mainly in the pituitary gland. Based on the secretion of hormones, it is responsible for regulating and readjusting the necessary balance in the body. Thus, It participates in important processes such as metabolism, maturational development or sexuality.

Their levels are important, since when they are very low they produce depression and anxiety, with what you can get into complicated states because of this physiological component.

What are endorphins and enkephalins for?

Have influence on many different processes, but the ones that most affect our daily life are the following:

1. Pleasure: his secretion creates a sense of well-being. This is what makes it known as "the happiness hormone." Its effects are noticed on the physical and mental levels, so that a kind of state of absolute well-being can be reached.

In addition, for the organism its secretion acts as something similar to a reward. The consequence is that there will be a physical predisposition to repeat that type of behavior.

2. Pain mitigation: This is another of its most important effects. These hormones temporarily decrease or eliminate pain. Surely if you have broken a bone remember that at first it didn't hurt as much as once the body relaxed.

This is because it is a body defense mechanism, trying to escape the danger caused by that pain without feeling it for a few minutes.

3. Mitigation of psychological suffering: In the same way as with physical pain, these types of hormones also make psychological suffering less. This is seen when there is a stress situation and you react normally, while when it ends you collapse.

The causes that you could have been well during the stress situation are these hormones. When that situation ends its effect decreases and the mood and nervous worsens.

4. Participate in sexuality: There are already several studies that confirm that the release of endorphins is important in sexuality. Its function in this area is to facilitate desire.

5. Concentration and attention: it has also been shown that They participate in processes such as memorization. In addition, the important relationship between attention and emotional state must not be ignored.

6. Immune system: Regarding this system, the release of endorphins strengthens it. This is what explains why it is easier to get sick in hot streaks and nerves.

How to boost the production of endorphins and enkephalins

Once we have seen all the beneficial effects they have for our body and for our well-being, it is time to give you a series of Indications you can follow to encourage the release of these types of hormones:

  • Sleep: Surely you, like everyone else, are happier when you have slept well and a little (or very) irritable if you slept badly. This is because the dream is essential for the production of endorphins to be high.
  • Physical affection: physical contact in the form of Hugs, kisses and caresses with a desired person suppose the increase of the production of endorphins.
  • Physical exercise: The increase in the production of endorphins is one of the many positive effects of physical exercise, in addition to others such as aerobic or cardiovascular improvements.
  • Laugh: an action as simple as this makes us produce more endorphins. Therefore, the best recipe for well-being will always be laughter. And it seems logical if we see the relationship between laughter and happiness.

Surely with all this you have been very clear about the importance of these types of hormones in our lives. Without a doubt, it is worth getting informed about something known as "Happiness hormone".

Now you know what are they for and how can you boost them. We hope that it has served as an answer to some questions that many people usually have, and that it is also useful to generate more endorphins from now on.

References

Bear, M.F .; Connors, B.W. i Paradiso, M.A. (1998). Neuroscience: exploring the brain. Barcelona: Masson-William & Wilkins Spain.

Bloom, F.E. i Lazerson, A. (1988). Brain, Mind, and Behavior. Nova York: Freeman and Company.

Bradford, H.F. (1988). Fundamentals of neurochemistry. Barcelona: Labor.

Carpenter, M.B. (1994). Neuroanatomy Fundamentals Buenos Aires: Panamerican Editorial.

From April, A .; Ambrose, E .; De Blas, M.R .; Caminero, A .; From Pablo, J.M. i Sandoval, E. (eds) (1999). Biological basis of behavior. Madrid: Sanz and Torres.

Diamond, M.C .; Scheibel, A.B. i Elson, L.M. (nineteen ninety six). The human brain Work book. Barcelona: Ariel.

Guyton, A.C. (1994) Anatomy and physiology of the nervous system. Basic Neuroscience Madrid: Pan American Medical Editorial.

Martin, J.H. (1998) Neuroanatomy. Madrid: Prentice Hall.

Nelson, R.J. (1996) Psychoendocrinology. The hormonal bases of behavior. Barcelona: Ariel.

Netter, F.M. (1987) Nervous System, Anatomy and Physiology. A Ciba Collection of Medical Illustrations (volum 1) Barcelona: Salvat.