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Quetapiana is one of the best known and used antipsychotic or neuroleptic drugs to treat mental disorders. It is a substance that is convenient to know well to know how to use it properly, so let's see it!
- 1 A drug used in people with mental disorders
- 2 What diseases quetiapine is used for
- 3 Quetiapine side effects
A drug used in people with mental disorders
The first thing to know is that there are a number of substances that allow keeping some of the symptoms derived from various mental disorders under control. Thanks to this type of medication it is possible that people who suffer from this type of disease can have a normal life.
Some examples of disorders that are treated with this class of drugs they are those that produce psychotic outbreaks, as is the case with the schizophrenia. They are also often used to treat patients with severe manic-depressive symptoms, as well as Bipolar disorder.
But what do these antipsychotic drugs really do? The operation of this principle is as follows: this active principle performs its activity as an antagonist of the receptors of the serotonin and the dopamine. Its metabolization is carried out in the liver.
The mechanism of action of this drug is that it acts on the receptors dopaminergic Y serotonergic, so that there is a blockage of D2 dopamine receptors in the brain and serotonin receptors.
Quetiapine also It is usually very effective if combined with other drugs. One of them is lithium, widely used to relieve the symptoms of depression. For this reason, it is very common to find medications that have both components, since together they are effective in treating these cases.
The key to this drug is that it is not only effective in psychological symptoms, such as hallucinations or insomnia, but also to relieve apathy or sadness. This makes quetiapine widely used in patients with bipolar depression.
What diseases quetiapine is used for
As we have said before, quetiapine is a drug that is used primarily to treat disorders such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorders. These mental illnesses have traditionally been the most treated with this medicine.
However, since it is a disease that produces few motor side effects, it is also widely used for treat people with problems and symptoms such as Parkinson's, a disease that is more common in people of an advanced age.
This is because this drug helps improve typical symptoms of Parkinson's and parkinsonism, such as tremor and muscle stiffness. These are the problems that most often affect the quality of life of patients affected by these diseases.
Many studies have been devoted to investigating how this drug works in elderly people. The results in most cases have been very positive, so that this type of medication has been indicated to patients with diseases derived from age. Another of them is, in addition to Parkinson's, it is senile dementia or diseases such as Alzheimer's.
Quetiapine side effects
As for the side effects of this medicine, one of the most frequent is the sedation effect they produce in the patient. However, it is common for the person to end up getting used to living with this state without being inconvenient for their day to day.
Another of the most frequent effects is weight gain, due to the alterations that it produces in the metabolism of the person who consumes it. However, once the person gets used to their consumption, side effects usually subside and stop producing these physical changes in the patient.
Hyperglycemia is usually quite common, even the patient even suffering from diabetes. In this case you have to be very careful and always keep a medical check to avoid a disease of this type as a result of the consumption of this drug.
Other milder symptoms, although also quite uncomfortable, are constipation problems. The blurred vision, a feeling of dry mouth or dizziness They are also side effects that are associated with this medicine, so you have to take into account if you notice any of them that may be caused by their consumption.
As for contraindications, this drug is not indicated in patients who have heart problems or are susceptible to them. Nor can they be taken for people suffering from diabetes, since it produces serious alterations in glycemic index and usually lead to weight gain.
In short, quetiapine is a drug that has proven to be very effective in the treatment of psychotic disorders, as well as for relieve depressive symptoms if combined with other components. We hope that with this information you can have a little clearer what this medicine is for.